APPLY AND REAPPLY THE DERMATOLOGIST

Whether it is a $10 over-the-counter sunscreen or a $200 doctors-only sunscreen, protecting your skin will keep you looking younger for longer and protect you from possible skin cancer. If you do not wear sunscreen, you will really regret it in 20 years. You can reverse damage done to your skin with IPL (intense pulsed light), BBL (broad band light) or laser skin rejuvenation. These solutions are costly, take time and can be mildly painful. The best antidote to damage is simply to use sunscreen early on.

THE DERMAL NURSE: Know the product’s capacity to shield against both UVA and UVB wavelengths. The SPF only represents the UVB protection. Check that your product only displays the following

four ingredients approved for UVA protection: zinc oxide; titanium dioxide; ecamsule (Mexoryl) and avobenzone (Parsol 1789). Sunscreens fall into two categories: physical or chemical. The physical indicates an inorganic ingredient that sits on the skin’s surface that either reflects or scatters UV radiation before causing cellular damage. The chemical sunscreen penetrates the corneocytes and absorbs UV. This combination offers the best barrier for your skin, greatly reducing the risk of skin cancer and premature ageing.

THE SKIN THERAPIST: Exposure to UVA and UVB accounts for 90 per cent of premature ageing, so slip, slop, slap! UVA travels through glass, so even driving the car or sitting by the office window will leave you exposed. You can actually boost your sunscreen’s effectiveness by using a retinyl palmitate (a form of vitamin A) product underneath. Also, make sure to use vitamin C and E since they will negate some of the damage from the UV And do not combine a sunscreen with a moisturiser with sunscreen. Certain types of chemical sunscreen ingredients cancel each other out, leaving you with less protection. Using an SPF 20 sunscreen with a 15+ moisturiser does not equal 35+.

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