Contact dermatitis for child
Just lying with her cheek against her mothers clothes if they have been washed with certain washing powders can sometimes cause a rash on a babys face.
Lotions, shampoos, soaps, ointments such as those used for nappy rash, oils, and even petroleum jelly can cause a rash. Try to pin-point the cause by not allowing any of these items to come into contact with the babys skin, even if they are meant to heal the rash (two tablespoonsful of bicarbonate of soda added to the bath water should relieve the itching). If the rash clears up, slowly start introducing the substances you eliminated, one a week. Watch for a reaction so that you can identify the offending substance. Occasionally a child will develop a rash after using antiseptic soap and then going into the sun.
Urticaria (Hives). Urticaria is characterised by raised red swellings that look like weals as a result of the enlargement of the blood vessels and the release of fluid. These symptoms usually disappear within 48 hours without treatment, although scratching if blisters appear may lead to infection.
Common causes of urticaria are:
Reaction to medicines such as aspirin, penicillin or almost any other drug.
Internal parasites such as tapeworm and other worms.
External parasites such as fleas or bees.
Foods such as cows milk, chocolate, strawberries, shellfish, egg white, nuts, pork, fish, mushrooms, food additives, preservatives and colourants.
Things that are breathed in like house dust, sprays, feathers, cat fur or dog or horse hair.
Extreme temperature changes during exposure to harsh sunlight or cold.
If a cause can be established, elimination should solve the problem, however often no cause for the urticaria is found. Antihistamines may be needed if the symptoms and itching are severe. The use of calamine lotion with an antihistamine dabbed on the swelling may help reduce the itching.
Papular urticaria with extreme itchiness and weeping of the skin is often caused by flea bites. Treating the symptoms with calamine lotion containing an antihistamine helps relieve the itchiness, while thymine hypochloride (vitamin B 1) taken orally makes the skin bitter, with the result that the fleas dont bite. Severe reactions to bee stings usually develop only after the person has been stung several times and sensitivity has been built up. A doctor may undertake a desensitisation procedure in severe cases.
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