Broken bones (fractures) for child
A bone is likely to have been broken if there is a lot of swelling, or the child cannot move that part of the body, or if it is very painful. There is often some deformity and the bone may stick out of the skin. There is usually redness or bruising in the area. Sometimes the joint is loose and wobbles.
Do not try to make the child use the hurt limb.
Do not try to straighten the limb whether it is dislocated (pulled out of joint) or broken.
Do not move the child unless absolutely necessary, and only if you have immobilised the joint.
Make a splint to keep the injured part steady so that no further damage is done. A pillow tied firmly in place around an injured part makes a good temporary splint; or use a thick folded pad of newspaper and keep it in place by knotting several strips of material or handkerchiefs around it, especially on each side of the break.
You can make a sling if the arm is injured by using the triangular bandage. Tie the long ends around the childs neck and fold the point at the elbow back, and catch with a safety pin; or simply pin the childs sleeve to her dress with safety pins so that the arm is kept steady.
See a doctor soon, and meanwhile apply cold compresses by dipping a clean cloth in water and holding lightly to the affected area if it is not already in a splint.
If there is bleeding or the bone is sticking out do not attempt to push it back, but get to a hospital emergency room immediately.
Do not give anything to eat or drink in case an anaesthetic is necessary.
If the back, neck or pelvis (hip) is injured do not move the patient at all.
Make sure she is breathing (see artificial respiration).
Call a doctor or ambulance immediately, and treat all patients with broken bones for shock (279).